Denim is a robust cotton fabric that is easily adaptable and very resistant to wear. Denim fabric is made from a twill weave. It used to be made from linen warp and a cotton weave and it is now fully made from cotton. It is characterised by its robustness and resistance (in terms of worn material), together with its singular adaptability.Denim is a go-to fabric everywhere in the world for the manufacturing of jeans and denim clothing. It is also used to make jackets, shirts and trousers. The etymology of the word ‘denim’ indicates that it comes from the French ‘serge de nimes’, which refers to the city of Nimes, in southern France, from which the fabric was sent to international markets.
Cashmere is the name of a fine natural textile fibre that is obtained from goat fur.
Its very high quality makes it silky and velvety to touch and provides a sense of comfort and softness that caresses the skin.
Cashmere is also warmer than wool, as its insulating capacity is 10 times greater. However, it can also be worn in the warmer months because, while it insulates the body, it also provides perfect protection against intense heat.
Linen is a very ancient natural fibre that derives from the flax plant; it looks shiny and feels cool
and slippery to the touch.
Linen is categorised according to fibre’s degree of fineness: fine linen, used for fine yarns that are suitable for making fine cloth, lace and crochet, medium-grade linen woven for commonly-used cloth; and heavier linen for plain cloth. Linen fabric is used to make household linen (table clothes, sheets, towels) and clothing mostly for the summer season.
As the fibre is rigid, the clothing creases; to counter this, it is mixed with other fibres such as cotton or viscose.
Linen is mainly characterised by the following: resistance to wear, feels very breathable and fresh, very easy to tolerate even for those with very sensitive skin.
Linen is a fibre that is still farmed naturally. it is eco-sustainable and is fully recyclable.
Cotton is a vegetable fibre produced from the plant of the same name. It is soft, smooth and light and is particularly suitable for being worn against the skin. It absorbs well, doesn't irritate the skin or cause allergies.
Silk is an animal fibre produced by silk worms. It has a unique sheen and easily absorbs the nuances from rich-coloured dyes. Silk thread is extremely elastic, giving the fabric its unusual strength. It is hypoallergenic, retains body heat and is cool even in hot weather. It absorbs moisture, and doesn't irritate the skin.
Wool is a warm animal fibre, which provides excellent insulation. Finer, wavy yarns provide greater insulation. Wool fibre is elastic and extremely resistant to wear.
Viscose is an artificial fibre produced from cellulose. It is silky soft to touch and provides the comfort that is typical of vegetable fibres. It is wear-resistant, absorbent and doesn't irritate skin.
Lyocell is an artificial fibre that is obtained from cellulose through a specific ecological process. It is soft and pleasant to the touch, breathable, durable and luminous.
Modal is an artificial fibre produced from cellulose. It is hard-wearing and soft and has an elegant sheen.
Micromodal has the same characteristics as modal, but has a finer weave making it breathable, soft and extremely elastic.
Polyamide (nylon) is a synthetic fibre used for tights and hosiery. It has an elevated resistance to tears and deformation. It is easy to maintain (washing), has an excellent dye-ability and wrinkle resistance.
Elastane (Lycra) is a synthetic fibre used to elasticize fabrics. Due to its high elasticity can be used in a pure form or mixed with inflexible fibres giving them elasticity. It is resistant to oxidising agents and contaminants.
Microfibre is obtained from synthetic fibres, generally a combination of polyamide and elastane. Microfibre is a highly technological fabric. Its tight but lightweight weave makes it extremely breathable and protective against the elements and cold weather.
Polyester is a synthetic fibre used to produce silky women’s clothing, lingerie and undergarments. It is an elastic fibre, resistant to light and has a high resistance to tearing.